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OG_VPR # 19 Mayor: Four years ago, when we reorganized the

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OG_VPR # 19 Mayor: Four years ago, when we reorganized the [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2016, 06:38
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Mayor: Four years ago, when we reorganized the city police department in order to save money, critics claimed that the reorganization would make the police less responsive to citizens and would thus lead to more crime. The police have compiled theft statistics from the years following the reorganization that show
that the critics were wrong. There was an overall decrease in reports of thefts of all kinds, including small thefts.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously challenges the mayor’s argument?

A) When city police are perceived as unresponsive, victims of theft are less likely to report thefts to the police.
B) The mayor’s critics generally agree that police statistics concerning crime reports provide the most reliable available data on crime rates.
C) In other cities where police departments have been similarly reorganized, the numbers of reported thefts have generally risen following reorganization.
D) The mayor’s reorganization of the police department failed to save as much money as it was intended to save.
E) During the four years immediately preceding the reorganization, reports of all types of theft had been rising steadily in comparison to reports of other crimes.

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Question: 19
Page: 160
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: OG_VPR # 19 Mayor: Four years ago, when we reorganized the [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2016, 06:39
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Explanation

The argument—that the reorganization did not lead to more crime—hinges upon statistics compiled from reports of crime, and therefore assumes that such reports
are indicative of the actual incidence of crime. Something that weakens this connection between reports and incidence of theft, then, would challenge the mayor’s argument. Choice A does exactly that, so it is the correct answer. Choices B and E would strengthen rather than challenge the mayor’s argument, so they are incorrect. Choice C might give one reason to question the mayor’s conclusion, but it does not speak to his argument, which does not involve other cities, so it is not the correct choice. Choice D is incorrect because the mayor’s argument makes no claims regarding the economics of the reorganization, only its effectiveness at crime reduction.
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Re: OG_VPR # 19 Mayor: Four years ago, when we reorganized the   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2016, 06:39
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OG_VPR # 19 Mayor: Four years ago, when we reorganized the

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