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# OG_VPR # 13/14 Since the 1980s, experts have been claiming t

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OG_VPR # 13/14 Since the 1980s, experts have been claiming t [#permalink]  11 Oct 2016, 02:06
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Since the 1980s, experts have been claiming that the skill demands of today’s jobs have outstripped the skills workers possess. Moss and Tilly counter that worker deficiencies lie less in job-specific skills than in such attributes as motivation, interpersonal skills, and appropriate work demeanor. However, Handel suggests that these perceived deficiencies are merely an age effect, arguing that workers pass through a phase of early adulthood characterized by weak attachment to their jobs. As they mature, workers grow out of casual work attitudes and adjust to the workplace norms of jobs that they are more interested in retaining. Significantly, complaints regarding younger workers have persisted for over two decades, but similar complaints regarding older workers have not grown as the earlier cohorts aged.
The passage suggests that Moss and Tilly are most likely to disagree with the “experts” (line 1) about which of the following?

A) Whether the skills demanded by jobs in the labor market have changed since the 1980s
B) Whether employers think that job-specific skills are as important as such attributes as motivation and appropriate work demeanor
C) Whether workers in today’s labor market generally live up to the standards and expectations of employers
D) Whether adequate numbers of workers in the labor market possess the particular skills demanded by various different jobs
E) Whether most workers are motivated to acquire new skills that are demanded by the labor market

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D

The last sentence serves primarily to

A) suggest that worker deficiencies are likely to become more pronounced in the future
B) introduce facts that Handel may have failed to take into account
C) cite evidence supporting Handel’s argument about workers
D) show that the worker deficiencies cited by Handel are more than an age effect
E) distinguish certain skills more commonly possessed by young workers from skills more commonly found among mature workers

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C

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Re: OG_VPR # 13/14 Since the 1980s, experts have been claiming t [#permalink]  11 Oct 2016, 02:08
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Explanation

13) According to the passage, the “experts” on the one hand, and Moss and Tilly on the other, disagree about the specific kinds of deficiencies possessed by today’s workers: the “experts” claim that workers are deficient because of the lack of job skills, while Moss and Tilly believe that the deficiencies stem from the lack of motivation and poor attitude. This means that the two sides would disagree about whether the skills of today’s workers are adequate for their jobs; thus Choice D is correct.

14) If Handel’s account is correct, it would not be surprising that a high level of perceived skill deficiencies in young workers at one time translates into a relatively low level of perceived deficiencies among older workers some twenty years later. If the deficiencies in young workers are in job-related skills, however, some trace of those deficiencies would still be noticeable twenty years later. Since the last sentence presents data that support the first prediction rather than the second, Choice C is correct.
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Re: OG_VPR # 13/14 Since the 1980s, experts have been claiming t [#permalink]  29 Dec 2016, 10:15
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the answer for the first question seems wrong to me. It should be C reason being that the passage talks about the adequacy of skills in meeting today's requirements which is reflected in option C whereas option D talks about the adequacy of number of such workers. anyone who can explain where i got it wrong.
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Re: OG_VPR # 13/14 Since the 1980s, experts have been claiming t [#permalink]  29 Dec 2016, 10:35
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Hi nitp,

C is wrong because in the passage is not mentioned live up to the standards and expectations of employers BUT the skills for jobs in general, which are not necessary overlapping, in this scenario, however, yes.

The passage says that:

1) the skill demands of today’s jobs have outstripped the skills workers possess
2) Tilly counteracts this saying that this is not the point at issue but the lack of motivation or others intangible skills
3) Handel says that this Tilly says is not completely true because is sensitive related or recognized

D is the best
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Re: OG_VPR # 13/14 Since the 1980s, experts have been claiming t   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2016, 10:35
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